LANIADO, RAPHAEL SOLOMON BEN SAMUEL (d. 1793), rabbi and halakhic authority. Born in aleppo , Laniado was rabbi there from 1740 until his death. He was noted for his firmness which left no place for compromise. In the 1760s he was the cause of a stormy controversy within the Jewish community of Aleppo, when he sought to impose the authority of the rabbis and the local community customs on the francos . Led by R. judah b. yom-tov kazin , the other rabbis of the town opposed him realizing that such a demand would be harmful. This controversy continued over several years, and it is uncertain when it came to an end. Laniado's works include Beit Dino shel Shelomo ("Tribunal of Solomon," Constantinople, 1775), responsa; Leḥem Shelomo ("The Bread of Solomon," ibid., 1775), various innovations in halakhah; Ha-Ma'alot li-Shelomo ("Degrees of Solomon," ibid., 1775), homiletics; and Kisse Shelomo ("The Throne of Solomon," Jerusalem, 1901). Some of his responsa were also published in Ro'ei Yisrael ("Shepherds of Israel," Jerusalem, 1904). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Rosanes, Togarmah, 5 (1938), 211; M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha-Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ Yisrael, 2 (1937), 314; Lutzky, in: Zion, 6 (1940/41), 73–79; D.Z. Laniado, La-Kedoshim asher ba-Areẓ, 1 (1952), 82–85 (first pagination). (Abraham David)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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