LANIADO, RAPHAEL SOLOMON BEN SAMUEL

LANIADO, RAPHAEL SOLOMON BEN SAMUEL (d. 1793), rabbi and halakhic authority. Born in aleppo , Laniado was rabbi there from 1740 until his death. He was noted for his firmness which left no place for compromise. In the 1760s he was the cause of a stormy controversy within the Jewish community of Aleppo, when he sought to impose the authority of the rabbis and the local community customs on the francos . Led by R. judah b. yom-tov kazin , the other rabbis of the town opposed him realizing that such a demand would be harmful. This controversy continued over several years, and it is uncertain when it came to an end. Laniado's works include Beit Dino shel Shelomo ("Tribunal of Solomon," Constantinople, 1775), responsa; Leḥem Shelomo ("The Bread of Solomon," ibid., 1775), various innovations in halakhah; Ha-Ma'alot li-Shelomo ("Degrees of Solomon," ibid., 1775), homiletics; and Kisse Shelomo ("The Throne of Solomon," Jerusalem, 1901). Some of his responsa were also published in Ro'ei Yisrael ("Shepherds of Israel," Jerusalem, 1904). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Rosanes, Togarmah, 5 (1938), 211; M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha-Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ Yisrael, 2 (1937), 314; Lutzky, in: Zion, 6 (1940/41), 73–79; D.Z. Laniado, La-Kedoshim asher ba-Areẓ, 1 (1952), 82–85 (first pagination). (Abraham David)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALEPPO — (Ar. Ḥalab; called by the Jews Aram Ẓoba (Aram Ẓova), second largest city in Syria and the center of northern Syria. The Hebrew form of Aleppo (Ḥaleb) is, according to a legend quoted by the 12th century traveler, pethahiah of regensburg ,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • OTTOMAN EMPIRE — OTTOMAN EMPIRE, Balkan and Middle Eastern empire started by a Turkish tribe, led by ʿUthmān (1288–1326), at the beginning of the 14th century. This entry is arranged according to the following outline: sources …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Early editions of the Hebrew Bible — Jewish printers were quick to take advantages of the printing press in publishing the Hebrew Bible. While for synagogue services written scrolls were used (and still are used, as Sifrei Torah are always handwritten), the printing press was very… …   Wikipedia

  • ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • History of the Jews in Syria — Syrian Jews derive their origin from two groups: those who inhabited Syria from early times and the Sephardim who fled to Syria after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain (1492 C.E). There were large communities in Aleppo, Damascus, and Beirut… …   Wikipedia

  • HEBREW LITERATURE, MODERN — definition and scope beginnings periodization …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DAMASCUS — DAMASCUS, capital of Syria; in olden times a caravan center at an oasis in Southern Syria, on the principal crossroads between Mesopotamia Syria and Palestine Transjordan. In the Bible The name appears as דַּמֶּשֶׂק Dammesek (but once as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SYRIA — SYRIA, state in southwest Asia. Although constantly subject to changes, the country s boundaries were primarily: Ereẓ Israel to the south, Asia Minor (Turkey) to the north, Mesopotamia to the east, and the Mediterranean to the west. Biblical and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.